The life-saving air bags work with compressed gas mixtures in order to be inflated in a few milliseconds. Besides the possibility of using helium, argon and oxygen may be used.
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Carbon dioxide is used in the production of the world-famous aspirin tablets.
Ranging from the assembly of welded car bodies to the luminosity of xenon headlights to the filling medium for airbags – special gases play a key role in many aspects of automotive construction.
Baking trays in large bakeries are made from sheet steel - like their domestic counterparts. But the moulded sheets require a frame to stabilise them. The sheets and frames are welded together.
The production of home textiles – like bath towels - generates a large volume of alkaline wastewater, which is corrosive and hazardous. Dissolved in water, carbon dioxide (CO2) forms carbonic acid, thus neutralizing wastewater. It is a safer and more environmentally friendly way to treat it than other mineral acids.
So-called “inert gas packaging” – of French bread, for example – maintains product quality longer. The inert gas atmosphere reliably prevents the formation of bacteria and mould.
Balloons never leave home without it: balloon gas, which is composed of helium and small amounts of air.
A large share of our knowledge is recorded in books. Those books are made of paper, which should be produced and recycled by the most environmentally sound means. Gases help make this possible.
To allow cultured mushrooms to grow under optimal conditions, the compost soil containing the mushroom spores is cooled with oxygen.
Shielding gases coming with the chips in the package to keep them fresh and crispy.
Cosmetics such as creams often contain essential oils and other oily ingredients. In order to seperate these precisely and gently from one another, the so-called supercritical extraction with CO<sub>2</sub> is used.
When kneading the dough, carbon dioxide is used for cooling.
Nitrogen hardens chocolate layer to keep ice cream cones crispy.
Prior to drilling, the tunnel gets frozen with liquid nitrogen to stabilise it and prevent infiltration of water.
Quality treats are packaged under an inert gas atmosphere consisting of food gases such as carbon dioxide or nitrogen mixtures. This allows the subtle flavors preserve optimal.
The packaging of ready-to-eat salads, sandwiches and cake makes use of special food gases which protect against microbial attack by bacteria and mould.
Food processing gases are used to produce meat products: nitrogen and oxygen prevent bacterial contamination or mould during packaging; carbon dioxide is used for cooling when mince is mixed.
Medical oxygen is one of many gases which play a major role in modern medicine. Helium and nitrogen are also directly involved in diagnoses and treatments.
Many electronic products are based on high performance “boards”, also known as “flat assemblies.” During their production, a variety of gases are used to make them more reliable and durable.
During the manufacturing process, wax is heated at a high temperature to reach its melting point. Thus, the process of cooling the wax is very time-consuming. Cryogenic nitrogen is used to reduce cooling time.
Stainless steel pots and cookware, which owe their gleaming surfaces to the use of industrial gases, are indispensable for cooking.
When pop superstars appear in concert these days, the stages they perform on seem to be getting bigger and the equipment more and more elaborate every time - what all this needs first and foremost is structural stability. This is provided by trussing systems, which are also used at conferences, trade fairs and exhibitions as well as in building services engineering. Such supporting structures are welded together from aluminium tubes with the aid of gases.
In order for synthetic corundum to not only be almost as hard as diamonds but also have great optical qualities, the raw materials used in its production need to be of high purity.
During the recycling of refrigerators, propellants (CFCs) embedded in the insulating foam of the devices are released. A process with carbon dioxide traps these propellants, liquefies them and then renders them harmless.
PVC components can be ground into a fine powder by means of cold grinding, for which cryogenic nitrogen or carbon dioxide are used. This is the basis for reusing them as recycling material.
The baroque coronation carriage of the Habsburg imperial family is one of the most magnificent items on display at the “Wagenburg” coach museum. The worst enemy of this unique collection is the larva of the woodworm. The experienced team of restorers are tackling this pest with nitrogen.
In the recycling of PET bottles, carbon dioxide helps treat the process water so it can be used again in the production process.
Recycling is both a cost effective and an environmentally friendly way to get rid of old Polyvinyl chloride (PVC). It involves cold grinding: cryogenic nitrogen is used to turn the plastic residues into a fine powder, which is then re-used to produce new PVC-flooring.
Gases facilitate the production of tires, improve their quality, make road trips or the landing of an aircraft safer and encourage recycling of used tires.
In the packaging of fresh green salads special food gases are used. They prevent the salad is packaged in air, which can lead to unwanted product changes.
Under the name of convenience foods, there are more and more small meals, such as gourmet sandwiches. On the transport its freshness is preserved by refrigerated containers, which work with a cryogenic dry ice filling.
Thus, the high-tech lighting glass of car headlights is flawless, it is freed by the fire polishing imperfections. In this method, oxygen is used.
Ornamental jewellery is more and more frequently made of precious metal alloys. Used during the product manufacturing, inert gas argon helps retain their sparkle and shine for longer.
For the furniture industry, carbon dioxide is an important aid when it comes to producing first-class foam used as filler and upholstery material in beds, chairs and sofas.
Fact that drinks such as the famous Cola are on everyone's lips is, not least at the enjoyable tingling on the tongue. Responsible for this is carbon dioxide (CO2), which also extends the shelf life of the beverage.
The thin-film cells of modern solar panels require only very small amounts of the expensive raw material silicon and can be used very flexibly. In their production, gaseous precursors and other gases play important roles.
Spray cans must be free of impurities, so parts of it are flushed with nitrogen before they are assembled.
The crunchy chocolate shell is a trademark of Unilever's Magnum ice creams. It is caused by the rapid and even freeze the chocolate sauce. The necessary supplies cold cryogenic liquid nitrogen.
Waste water, which arises in the production of toilet paper, is neutralized with the aid of carbon dioxide.
Not only do greenhouses aim at maximizing the crop yield, but also at achieving a competitive advantage. Carbon dioxide as fertilizing method enables them to reach both. It can be used year-round, improving growth-rate and offering the freshest and best tasting products. For instance, it’s the case for the cultivation of tomatoes.
The dry ice blasting technology is a quick and gentle alternative to chemical cleaning methods. Its cryogenic CO2 pellets are irradiated directly on the object to be cleaned. The thermal effect increases the cleaning performance, while it still preserves the material.
Exposure to UV radiation is most of the time associated with the sun, either natural or artificial sunlight. And let’s be honest, we have all experienced a painful sunburn. Used against bacteria, this ability to kill living cells turns out to be a valuable tool. For instance, UVC lights are used in the food industry or hospitals for disinfection. Gases like neon or argon are an indispensable part of the production process of such lights.
Oxygen is a natural component of healthy drinking water. If pure oxygen is used for water purification, the biological treatment processes increase - an environmentally friendly and cost effective solution.
Whether drinking water glasses, flower vases or wine carafes – containers made of glass are found almost everywhere around us. Their quality is due in part to oxygen, which optimizes glass production and even makes it more economical at the same time.
Quick and careful preparation, controlled fermentation and oxidation, as well as hygiene play an important role in wine production. Nitrogen and carbon dioxide assist from the grape harvest to storage.
With the help of carbon dioxide so-called aerogels are made - extremely light solids which consist of 99.98 percent from pores. They serve on board of spacecrafts as a "catch basin" for comet dust.
Some of the meteorological data used to predict the weather are collected 20 miles above the Earth. Helium-filled balloons carry the instruments into the atmosphere.
In the production of large gearboxes for wind turbines carbon is used for wear-resistant surfaces.
In a similar procedure to sand blasting, high-tech machines for the production of ceramic and synthetic teeth getting cleaned with dry ice pellets - which causes no wear or damage.
Argon, a highly versatile gas, is used as the basic shielding gas for welding braces.
Many things that we use or enjoy every day have an invisible “secret recipe” for success: industrial gases. Discover here what’s behind it all.
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Do you have to give a presentation on bananas? Or on drinking water? Or paper? Then this website has something to help you. Because all of those subjects – and many others – have one special “secret recipe” for success: gases, some of which come directly from the air we breathe. “Gases for life” tells you exactly what those gases do.
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From protective packaging for food, to the production of microchips and furniture, to the treatment of drinking water – industrial gases make a key contribution in an extremely wide range of products and processes. “Gases for life” gives you background information about these gas applications and reveals the role they play in our everyday lives.